Home » An Intro to the Internet of Things – Explain to a 12-Year-Old

An Intro to the Internet of Things – Explain to a 12-Year-Old

What if a fridge communicates with a supermarket to order milk when it runs out?

What if your smartwatch communicates with a hospital to update doctors about your vital signs?

What if your house is smart enough to turn off the lights when you leave the house and warm up the house before you get home from work or school?

Well, with the enhancements in the Internet of Things or simply IoTs, this is just the beginning of what’s possible. The Internet of Things (IoT) is about connecting physical objects to the internet. The idea is quite simple. Imagine if your house, your car, and your phone were connected to the internet? The possibilities are endless.

The IoT provides advantages for both people and businesses. For consumers, it can help save time with shopping because you can purchase products online while you wait for them to be delivered at home. For businesses, it can save money on unnecessary purchases because they can monitor their stock more efficiently through IoT devices.

The two most common forms of IoT are:

1) Embedded devices such as heart monitors, thermostats, and smart meters

2) Wearable devices such as fitness trackers and watches.

What is IoT?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects—devices, vehicles, buildings, and other items—embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and connectivity which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. The IoT revolution is changing the way we live and work: For example, the Internet of things connects cars, farms, home appliances, smartphones, and supercomputers to deliver the best possible experience for its users.

At the very least, the internet of things includes the following components:

  • Sensors for detecting inputs from their surroundings.
  • Software that analyses sensor data and then applies rules to make judgments about how to respond to the data.
  • Software for controlling the operation of a device with one or more sensors.
  • An internet connection is required to send and receive data and instructions from other devices.

Examples of the Internet Of Things include

  • Smart Cars
  • Smart Farms
  • Smart Homes
  • Smart Wearables
  • Smart Schools

Smart cars:

We all know that cars have gone from being a mode of transportation to a huge technology platform on wheels. In this section, we will talk about how the car industry is changing and what is in store for the future of driving. In the past few years, there have been a lot of developments in the automotive industry that have changed the way we think about cars. From autonomous driving to vehicle-to-vehicle communication, cars are no longer just transportation anymore.

It is predicted that shortly, there will be over 250 million connected cars on the road. These cars are connected to traffic lights and public transportation systems. All of these connections make up a complex information network which helps them get from point A to point B easier, faster, and safer.

Connected cars can communicate with each other over a network called V2X (vehicle-to-everything). This enables vehicles to share data such as speed, position, and direction of travel with one another. They can use this information in a way that makes driving more reliable and safer for all drivers on the road.

Smart farms:

IoT technology can be used to solve agricultural problems such as pests, climate change, and data management. In the future, farmers will make use of these IoT technologies to monitor their crops and soil conditions. This will enable them to produce more yield with less water and fertilizer thereby increasing their profits.

Nowadays, there are many ways that farmers can benefit from it:

i) they can have better insights into what’s happening on their farm at any given time,

ii) they can analyze where they need more resources so as not to be wasteful,

iii) they can lower costs by using renewable energy sources like solar power which is cheaper than grid power,

iv) those who produce milk or meat don’t have to worry about spoilage since effective data management solutions help them figure out supply/demand.

Smart homes:

One of the most talked-about scenarios of the future is a smart home where it allows for things like lights, heating systems and even cooking pots to be connected and controlled remotely. This future includes a home full of IoT devices, which can connect and be controlled from a single place – a “smart remote”.

This technology has been around for quite some time now and it is not going anywhere, as more and more companies are investing in it. It is predicted that by 2025, there will be over 30 billion internet-connected devices.

It’s very easy to get wrapped up in the technology that makes parenting easier. There are quite a few situations where technology is not necessary, like with pick-up and drop-off of your child at school. IoT can be helpful for parents who work full time and want to make sure their children are safe while they are away. With the help of IoT, parents can monitor their children’s vitals and even discipline them through the use of sleep monitoring and smart alarms. This way, children can be more productive.

Another example is, a smart toy that can connect over Bluetooth with a smartphone or tablet can collect data about what kids do with it – how long they play, what games they play, etc. This data can then be used by parents to understand their child’s interests and improve their parenting skills.


With IoT, you can monitor your health and fitness levels by simply wearing a device on your wrist. Be it wearable health monitors, fitness trackers, or smartwatches

IoT devices are getting more and more popular in the world of fitness and sports. Whether you want to gain muscle or improve your endurance, there is an IoT device for you. For people with disabilities, wearers can use them for a better quality of life by controlling their environment and interfaces using voice commands.

These wearables can also tell when someone has an elevated heart rate or when they’re running low on energy or when they’re feeling stressed out, which means that they can help employers better manage their staff.

Smart Schools:

IoT is impacting how we teach, learn, and interact with each other. This technology is being integrated into classrooms to provide a more personalized experience for all students. It also allows instructors to track student progress better because it records data on student performance.

But the integration of IoT into education is not limited just to classrooms or schools. It could eventually affect the entire life cycle of a student from connecting with their peers through social media, using virtual reality to access information in libraries, and using augmented reality for hands-on learning activities. Students are now able to learn through video, 3D models, simulations, etc.

The use cases for AR and VR are endless. From teaching history to programming languages, these tools have allowed educators to broaden their horizons and provide a more engaging learning experience for their students.


Many people believe that IoT will have a major impact on how we live our lives as it has created a new layer of interconnectedness among the world’s devices and systems. It has also led to changes in our way of doing business as it has expanded the scale of business operations and enhanced their productivity.

IoT is a concept that will continue to grow as more people join this revolution by developing new technologies that can help improve our current ways of life. As IoT becomes more common, it will require new skill sets that people currently do not have or are not familiar with. So it’s essential to learn this skill to conquer the future.

1 thought on “An Intro to the Internet of Things – Explain to a 12-Year-Old”

  1. wonderful publish, very informative. I ponder why the opposite specialists of this sector don’t realize this.
    You should continue your writing. I’m sure, you’ve a great readers’ base already!

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