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Use of Robots in Different Industries

From driverless cars to robotic surgery, robots are being used in many fields today.

The use of robots has been increasing over the years with experts predicting that it will only increase further over time due to the advances in technology which allow easier programming of robots for specific tasks.

Industrial robots are a perfect example of how humans and robots can work together to create something better than they could achieve alone.

In the past few decades, robotic automation has been applied in a wide range of industries. In the near future, it is expected that more and more industries will adopt robotics to change their business models.

With the rise of artificial intelligence, new possibilities are on the horizon for what robots can do. 

What is Robotics?

Robotics is an interdisciplinary field that integrates science, engineering and technology. It involves the design, construction, operation and use of machines called robots to perform tasks done traditionally by human beings or substitute for human actions.

The goal of robotics is to design machines that can help and assist humans.

Several applications of robotics include:

  • Working alongside humans in manufacturing plants (known as co-bots)
  • Surgical assistants
  • Autonomous household robots that carry out tasks like vacuuming and mowing the grass
  • Helping during search-and-rescue missions after natural disasters
  • Detecting landmines in war zones
  • Assist in fighting forest fires

What are Robots?

A robot is a machine—especially one programmable by a computer—capable of executing a complex series of tasks with speed and precision. It can be guided by an external control device, or the control may be embedded within. 

Robots are widely used in industries such as automobile manufacturers to perform simple repetitive tasks and in industries where work must be performed in environments hazardous to humans.

Here are some areas where robots perform better than humans:

  • Automate manual or repetitive activities.
  • Work in hazardous and unpredictable environments.
  • Fill our pharmaceutical prescriptions, prep IVs and assist during surgeries.
  • Assist in finding items and carrying them throughout warehouses.
  • Help with search, rescue and even assist with food packaging and preparation during emergencies.
  • Last-mile package and food order delivery.

Use of Robots in Different Industry Sectors:

  1. Robots in Automotive Industry

Not surprisingly, automotive is the leading industry for robotics, accounting for over 30% of total industrial robot installations. Robots are being extensively tested in production lines to help with tasks that are dangerous for human beings. It also makes the production process more efficient and improves quality and precision.

However, these applications are not limited to production sectors. They are also used for testing and inspection purposes.

Robots use sensors to inspect cars for defects on their body panels and welds without causing any damage to the car. This is a cheaper alternative than hiring human inspectors who use manual methods which can be time-consuming and expensive.

Robots not only save time but also reduce production costs by executing tasks more effectively than humans can do them so far.

Automation specialists predict that robots will be soon performing tasks such as assembly line production, quality control, and testing. This is a result of the constant demand for better quality products with lower costs.

The most popular robotic applications in the automotive industry are:

– Robotic Assembly

– Robotic Welding

– Robotic Painting

– Robotic Grinding

– Robotic Part Transfer

– Robotic Material Handling

A few prominent examples of robots in the automotive industry are Kawasaki’s Robot, Boston’s Hitchbot, and Tesla’s Autopilot system.

Kawasaki’s Robot is an industrial robot that has been helping on the production line for over 10 years. It can work on a variety of tasks like painting, welding, and assembling. Boston’s Hitchbot is a robot with artificial intelligence that was designed to hitchhike its way across Canada. Tesla has introduced its autopilot system which is developed to give the autonomous driving capability to cars.

  1. Agriculture

Agriculture is one of the fastest-growing industries in the world. The agriculture business has been aggressively seeking to integrate various sorts of robotic technology to enhance productivity while cutting overall expenses. 

Case IH Magnum Autonomous Tractor in field with a planter implement

Farmers have already begun to use GPS-guided tractors and harvesters as it helps them run their farm more efficiently, saving them time, energy and cutting labour costs. From harvesting, planting to reducing emissions and increasing crop yield, GPS-guided tractors strengthen farming capabilities to meet consumer demands.

GPS systems also provide a number of cost-effective alternatives to older methods of planting, raising and harvesting crops. Lower costs mean higher potential profits. A higher profit margin can make the difference between a good year and a bad year on any farm and, for many farmers, is sufficient reason to embrace the latest technology.

There has recently been an increase in the experimental usage of autonomous systems that automate tasks including pruning, thinning, mowing, spraying, and weed removal. Sensor technology is also being used to manage crop pests, illnesses and to know when a plant is ripe for harvest instead of relying on the farmer’s experience.

It is estimated that there will be two million more farm robots by 2030. This means that farmers won’t need to worry about labor shortages or rising labor costs because robots can do all of the work while still reducing emissions and increasing yield.

  1. Healthcare

Robots in healthcare may seem like a futuristic concept, but they are already here. In fact, the Healthcare industry is at its most advanced point yet when it comes to using robotics technology for fulfilling human needs and improving patient outcomes.

There are many opportunities to use robots in healthcare, from diagnosing diseases to assisting with surgery. Robots will play an increasingly larger role in healthcare, both due to their helpful nature and their ability to work more efficiently than humans.

The use of robots in healthcare is a way to enhance and improve the medical experience for patients and doctors alike.

A recent study showed that if we could deploy 1 robot for every 4 nurses or doctors, we would be able to maintain the current level of service without adding more staff members.

However, robotic tools used in health care are not intended to replace health care personnel, but rather to make their jobs easier.

Robotics advancements have the potential to transform a wide range of health care practices, including surgery, rehabilitation, therapy, patient companionship, and daily tasks. Robots can perform surgery with greater precision and accuracy than human surgeons. 

da Vinci Surgical System

The da Vinci Surgical System, for example, uses the operating surgeon’s hand movements to control tiny, precise devices inside the patient’s body. This enables minimally invasive operations in cardiac, colorectal, gynecologic, head & neck, thoracic, and urologic surgeries.

Exoskeletons, which are robotic devices, can support and guide patients who have had strokes or spinal cord injuries, or who are paralyzed, during rehabilitation.

Furthermore, robotic lifting equipment can assist nurses in lifting old or immobile patients. Companion and therapeutic robots, such as PARO, can also use a system of sensors, microphones, and cameras to console individuals suffering from mental illnesses.

  1.  Food Preparation

The use of Robots in the food industry has been on the rise over the past few years. One of the more spectacular advances in robotic technology will be available in the kitchen soon. Today, robots can prepare food with minimal human intervention and can be programmed to meet specific needs. Robotic Chef is a well-known example of how robots are moving into the food industry.

Robots have been used by – 

Restaurants – To prepare food in order to reduce their operating costs since they don’t need chefs anymore.

Custom home kitchens – To help people who don’t have time to cook or cook themselves

Laboratories – For cooking experiments

In the restaurant business, robotic chefs are being used as a substitute for human chefs to prepare food. In Asia, robots are being used to make sushi at a rate of 400 pieces per hour! And when it comes to hamburgers, you will find that most fast-food restaurants now use robots to cook them.

Robots can be used to prepare dishes or other food items with precision, consistency, improved efficiency and reduced waste.

From maintaining proper levels of hygiene and safety to cooking and serving several dishes at once, these machines are increasingly being employed by restaurants across the world. 

In a home kitchen, automated and intelligent robots, such as those developed by Moley Robotics, can prepare and cook hundreds of meals in a variety of ways. It can cook a dish from scratch in three hours where it would take a chef six hours to make the same dish.  

Moley Robotic Kitchen

This robotic chef is controlled by a smartphone, and once you select a recipe and organize pre-packaged containers of cut and prepared components, the robot will be able to quickly and efficiently cook the predetermined meal. Moley Robotics is also working on a consumer-friendly robot kitchen with a built-in smart dishwasher and refrigerator.

Robotic Chef Moley has two robotic arms, each one with five fingers, and an articulated head. The robot is equipped with sensors and 3D cameras to identify ingredients, their quantities and understand the cooking process. There are also inbuilt scales to measure the weight of the food in order to get accurate measurements.

This robot makes it possible for people with physical disabilities to cook delicacies without worrying about tasks requiring movement or dexterity such as cutting vegetables or stirring sauces.

For centuries, chefs have been taught how to cook food to perfection. What if now they are replaced by a robot? While this may sound like a futuristic idea, it is not that far-fetched.

Conclusion

Robots are taking over the world and are predicted to take over 63% of jobs in the next 20 years. This is not limited to manufacturing or service-sector jobs either; professional jobs like doctors, lawyers, and accountants are at risk too.

The future of jobs with robots taking over is inevitable. It’s happening now and it’s not stopping any time soon!

With AI and robotics taking over many of the jobs, future jobs are at stake. Although it is important to note that not all jobs are at risk. As long as one can provide leadership, empathy, be creative and think critically, they have a very bright future in the workforce.

Therefore, it is important for your child to develop critical thinking skills and creativity to deal with this challenge and avoid being replaced by machines.

Wondering what are these skills? 

Read more here

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